What Causes an Enlarged Prostate?

An enlarged prostate is a common condition that affects many men as they age. It is considered a normal and even inevitable change in aging men.

So, what exactly causes an enlarged prostate? Is it a hormonal change? Can it be affected by exercise and diet? Does family history play a role?

The truth is, doctors aren’t exactly sure what makes this happen. The exact cause is unknown and for some men poses no problem. However, there are some contributing factors that may increase the risk of developing an enlarged prostate, which we will explore below.


Age is probably the most significant risk factor for developing an enlarged prostate. BPH is considered a normal condition of male aging. It is scientifically proven that the risk for BPH increases as a man gets older. Symptoms typically begin to show around the age of 50 and by the age of 60, the majority of men have some degree of prostate enlargement.

However, for some individuals, these symptoms do not pose any problems. It is possible for the condition to be asymptomatic and may go undetected.

Family History of BPH

Having a family history of BPH can increase your chances of having an enlarged prostate. Individuals with a close relative, such as a father or a brother, who have been affected by BPH are more likely to develop an enlarged prostate compared to those without any first-degree relatives that have been affected.


Men who suffer from obesity have an increased risk of developing an enlarged prostate. This is due to the fact that obesity increases intra-abdominal pressure, which in turn raises pressure in the bladder, and thus worsens certain urinary symptoms of BPH. These symptoms include weak urine stream, frequent urination, and the inability to fully empty the bladder.

Related conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure have also been associated with developing BPH.

Sedentary Lifestyle

Lastly, a sedentary lifestyle can have a negative impact on a man’s prostate health. Research has shown that regular exercise is associated with various health benefits, and it may help reduce the risk of developing certain conditions, including prostate issues.

Exercise has been shown to have positive effects on overall health and may help mitigate the risk of developing an enlarged prostate. Regular physical activity can contribute to weight management, improve cardiovascular health, and reduce inflammation, all of which may have a positive impact on prostate health.

Experiencing Symptoms of an Enlarged Prostate?

Have you been suffering from symptoms of an enlarged prostate, and want to seek treatment?

SanoMed Rezum is here to help you. We offer Rezum Water Vapour Therapy as a treatment for symptoms of BPH. Book a consultation with us today.